published in Marine Pollution Bulletin 1977-2003 on various
aspects of the problem of marine litter/marine debris
list of articles with abstracts, links to MPB
abstracts (articles 1995-2003) and more info on authors
and how to purchase full text versions of articles. See
aslo complementary Global Marine Litter Information Gateway
Pollution Bulletin for more info.
at Sea: Where is all the Plastic?" Article in Science,
7 May 2004 (vol. 304, p. 838), by Richard C. Thompson, Ylva Olsen,
Richard P. Mitchell, Anthony Davies, Steven J. Rowland, Anthony
W.G. John, Daniel McGonigle, and Andrea E. Russell. Summaries
of the article have been published in, e.g., New
Scientist and National
of Southampton Press Release: "A team of expert marine
biologists and chemists has carried out research which proves
for the first time that oceans and shores are contaminated with
microscopic fragments and fibres of plastic. The article provides
a snapshot of the extent of contamination of marine habitats by
microscopic plastic fragments. The results of the project
show conclusively that microscopic plastics are now common in
marine habitats. It is already known that large items of
plastic debris are accumulating in the seas and on shorelines,
harming marine life including turtles, fish, seabirds and mammals.
Dr Richard Thompson, Senior Lecturer in Marine Ecology at the
University of Plymouth and head of the research team, commented:
'Given the durability of plastics and the disposable nature of
many plastic items, this type of contamination is likely to increase.
Our team is now working to identify the possible environmental
consequences of this new form of contamination.'"
also article (2001) below: "Plastic Resin Pellets as a Transport
Medium for Toxic Chemicals in the Marine Environment".
also research on pelagic plastics by Algalita
Marine Research Foundation.
Articles & reports
litter in the Republic of Korea". Comprehensive report
describing the problem of marine litter in Korea. By Dr. Chang-Gu
Kang, Director of NOWPAP MER/RAC.
in the Pacific, Plastic is Getting Drastic (The World's Largest
Landfill is in the Middle of the Ocean)". Article
(2002) by Charles Moore, Algalita Marine Research Foundation.
Resin Pellets as a Transport Medium for Toxic Chemicals in the
Marine Environment". Article by Yukie Mato, Tomohiko
Isobe, Hideshige Takada, Haruyuki Kanehiro, Chiyoko Ohtake, and
Tsuguchika Kaminuma; Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology,
Tokyo University of Fisheries, and National Institute of Health
Sciences. Published in Environmental Science & Technology
Debris: A Focus for Community Engagement", by Paul Topping,
Environment Canada. Paper presented at the Coastal Zone
Canada Conference, in September 2000.
from the 4th
International Marine Debris Conference on Derelict Fishing Gear
and the Marine Environment, Hawaii, August 2000. The conference
web site offers a number of proceeding documents.
of Antarctic fur seals, Arctocephalus gazella, in marine
debris at Capa Shirreff and San Telmo Islets, Livingston Island,
Antarctica: 1988-1997". Illustrated article by Rodrigo
Hucke-Gaete, Daniel Torres N. and Verónica Vallejos M.
Presented to the CCAMLR Scientific Committee in 1997. Published
by Instituto Antártico Chileno (INACH) in its Serie Científica
1997 (Ser. Cient. INACH 47:123-135, 1997). (770
KB + 745 KB).