About the UNEP GPA
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ROPME Sea Area
International actors and agreements in the region

See Global action.

UNEP Regional Seas Programme. ••>

UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA). ••>

UNEP Regional Office for West Asia (ROWA). ••>

UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA). ••>

International Coral Reef Initiative and other organizations and networks on the threats to coral reefs, including the effects of litter/debris.

Regional conventions, agreements, action plans and actors

Kuwait Regional Convention for Co-operation on the Protection of the Marine Environment from Pollution (Kuwait Convention) • Regional Organisation for the Protection of the Marine Environment (ROPME). ••>

Kuwait Convention Action Plan. ••>

Jeddah Memorandum of Understanding • Jeddah Declaration. ••>

Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment (CAMRE) • Abu Dhabi Declaration. ••>

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). ••>

Regional Organisation for Conservation of the Environment of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (PERSGA). ••>

Regional reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment

UNEP Regional Office for West Asia: State of the Environment in West Asia: "In West Asia, the challenges that are associated with marine and coastal issues include oil pollution, sewage and other land-based effluents, the physical alternation of coastal areas, including land-filling, dredging, and modification of river course". [...] The regional marine environment has been subjected to pressures from an unprecedented rate of industrial and urban growth, over 75 per cent of which has been in the coastal areas."

UNEP GPA: Overviews on Land-based Sources and Activities Affecting the Marine Environment in the ROPME Sea Area.

UNEP GPA: ROPME Sea Region (brief description of environmental state, priority issues).

UNEP: Global Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.

University of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): The Region comprises a part of the Arabian Sea LME.

Private sector and NGOs actors and initiatives

Ocean Concervancy: International Coastal Cleanup (ICC). ••>

UNEP and Clean up Australia: Clean up the World! ••>

Emirates Diving Association (EDA), United Arab Emirates: Clean Up Arabia 2003. EDA in collaboration with UNEP ROWA, Clean Up the World, ICC and PADI A.W.A.R.E.

"Kuwaiti 'greens' rescue endangered turtles". Article on threats to turtles from ingestion of plastic marine litter.

Boy foraging amongst rubbish in water, Gorgan, Iran.

Photo: ©1999 UNEP Topham Picturepoint.

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