actors and agreements in the region
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (ROAP). >
UNEP Regional Resource Centre for Asia and Pacific (RRC.AP).
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
Regional Seas Programme. >
UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the
marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA).
Small Island Developing States Network (SIDSnet). >
Coral Reef Initiative and other organizations and networks
the threats to coral reefs, including the effects of litter/debris.
conventions, agreements, action plans, projects, and actors
for the Protection of Natural Resources and Environment of
the South Pacific Region (Nouméa Convention/SPREP Convention)
South Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP).
on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific (Apia Convention).
to Ban the Importation into Forum Island Countries of Hazardous
Wastes and Radioactive Wastes and to Control the Transboundary
Movement and Management of Hazardous Wastes within the South
Pacific (Waigani Convention). >
Action Plan for Managing the Environment of the Pacific Islands
Region 2001-2004 (including Pacifc Ocean Pollution Prevention
Strategic Action Programme for the International Waters of
the Pacific Small Island Developing States. >
sector and NGOs actors and initiatives
Concervancy: International Coastal Cleanup (ICC). >
and Clean up Australia: Clean up the World! >
Up Australia Day .
League Bay Litter Watch, Australia.
Foundation Tasmania: Marine Debris Cleanup.
Litter on Henderson Island.
Marine Education Society of Aotearoa, New Zealand: Seaweek
Marine Debris Survey.
publications on marine and coastal environment, including
in Marine Pollution Bulletin on marine litter/marine
debris in Tasmania, Australia: 1995.
South Wales Scientific Committee, Australia: The Committee,
established by the Threatened Species Conservation Act, has
made a Preliminary Determination (October 2003) to support
a proposal to list the entanglement
in or ingestion of anthropogenic debris in marine and estuarine
environments as a key threatening process. See also list
of species and populations of animals endangered by or vulnerable
to marine litter (debris) entanglement and ingestion.
Great Barrier Reef Marine ParkAuthority, Australia: Marine
Parks Debris in the Far Northern Section of the Great Barrier
Reef Marine Park.
Victoria, Australia (see Waste
and Litter Education in Schools)
Parks and Wildlife Service, Tasmania: Threats
to seals (from entanglement).
reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment
SPREP: "The main types of pollution within the region
are shipping-related pollution, [...] and solid waste management
and disposal. [..] Increasing quantities of solid waste, poor
control of chemicals imported into the region and the lack
of capacity to manage pollutants are primary problems. The
limited land area of many of the islands combined with a lack
of appropriate technology for waste recycling has resulted
in a proliferation of plastics, paper, glass, metal and even
drums of hazardous chemicals. Much of this rubbish slowly
breaks down and leaches into the soil and into drinking water.
What does not break down takes up space. The foul-smelling
organic wastes attract disease-carrying pests such as mosquitoes,
rats and flies. Piles of household rubbish may be develop
on beaches and in mangrove swamps. Tourism, a key money-earner
for some Pacific island countries, is also starting to be
affected by the spread of litter. The region did have a competitive
advantage over other tourist destinations because of the reputed
beauty of its lagoons and beaches. But that advantage is shrinking
under the weight of solid waste piling up around shorelines
and waterways alike."
Pacific Environment Outlook2. Published periodically to
present the state of environment and its trend in the region.
The report aims to critically review the existing status of
the environment, the driving forces for changes, and the existing
set of policy initiatives undertaken to confront environmental
Islands Environment Outlook. Part of a UNEP project to
produce state of the environment assessments for the countries
of the Caribbean, Western Indian Ocean and Pacific Islands.
Co-ordinated by SPREP, on behalf of UNEP and with the financial
assistance of the EU.
of the Environment in Asia and the Pacific 2000.
UNEP GPA: Overview
of Land-based pollutant Sources and Activities affecting the
Marine, Coastal and Freshwater Environment in the Pacific
UNEP GPA: South
Pacific Region (brief description of environmental state,
priority issues, etc.).
Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.
of Rhode Island: Large Marine Ecosystems (LME):The Region
is made up of the following LMEs:
Australian Shelf and Great Barrier Reef East-Central
Australian Shelf Southeast
Australian Shelf Southwest
Australian Shelf New