actors and agreements in the region
UNEP Global programme of action for the protection of the
marine environment from land-based activities (UNEP GPA).
conventions, agreements, action plans and actors
Antarctic Treaty Protocol on Environmental Protection
(Madrid Protocol) Committee for Environmental Protection
Convention on the Conservation of Antartic Marine Living Resources
(CCAMLR) CCAMLR Commission. >
Antarctic Division (ADD):
Waste Management in Antarctica. See also Cleaning
up Antarctica. Marine
debris in the Southern Ocean. The AAD is researching the
amount and nature of debris on Macquarie and Heard Islands
to determine its harmful effects and how best to limit them.
British Antarctic Survey. An institute of the National Environmental
Research Council. Has undertaken most of the British scientific
research in and around Antarctica.
Zealand Antarctic Institute (Antarctica New Zealand).
Responsible for developing, managing and administering New
Zealand activities in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean, in
particular the Ross Sea Dependency. Responsible for maintaining
and enhancing the quality of New Zealand scientific research,
and taking an active role in environmental stewardship through
special projects and ongoing management.
Mission Antarctica . An initiative through which 1,000
tons of waste has been removed from the Russian research station
at Bellingshausen, King George Island, Antarctica. Teachers
and students from around the world, representing
14 countries, participated in the clean-up operation that
removed the mountain of tangled metal and waste from the station
and additional waste from Chilean, Polish, and Uruguayan bases
in Antarctica. The rusting remains of equipment and other
waste from the research stations were transported to Uruguay
for recycling and safe disposal. In addition, a small amount
of "mixed oils and paint residues" has been consigned
to a specialist treatment company in Europe for disposal.
about the cleanup.
reports on the state of the marine and coastal environment
for Environmental Protection (Antarctic Treaty) is in the
process of preparing a State of the Environment report for
New Zealand Antarctic Institute: "Ross
Sea Region 2001: A
State of Environment Report for the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica".
Environment Outlook 3 (GEO3). Coastal and marine areas.
Large Marine Ecosystems (LME): Antarctic
LME. University of Rhode Island.
State of the Antarctic environment. Presented by UN Secretary
General to the 1996 UN General Assembly.
publications on marine and coastal environment, including
" Origins and Biological Accumulation of Small Plastic
Particles in Fur Seals from Macquarie Island". Article
in Ambio 6/2003.
in Marine Pollution Bulletin on marine litter/marine
debris in Antarctica: 1997
"Entanglement of Antarctic fur seals, Arctocephalus
gazella, in marine debris at Cape Shirreff and San Telmo
Islets, Livington Island, Antarctica: 1988-1997". Document
presented to the CCAMLR Scientific Committee in 1997. Published
by the Instituto Antártico Chileno
"Survey experience on marine debris at Cape Shirreff,
Livingstone Island, Antarctica". Illustrated paper by
Daniel Torres and Doris Jorquera, Instituto Antártico
Chileno, presented at the 2000 International Conference on
Marine Debris, Honolulu, Hawai'i.
sector and NGOs actors and initiatives
and Southern Ocean Coalition
(ASOC). A non-governmentak organisation comprised of two hundred
and fortymember groups in fifty countries. ASOC works to ensure
that the environment comes first when decisions are made under
the Antarctic Treaty System.